Galactic Marvel: Hubble Captures a ‘Baseball Galaxy’ with a Black Hole Heart in Stunning Space Photo of the Week

ESO 420-G013 is a face-on spiral galaxy with an almost perfectly round disk and an active black hole lighting up its starry guts.

Hubble Captures an Image of Spiral Galaxy ESO 420-G013

ESO 420-G013’s perfectly round disk of stars resembles a baseball. Image credit: (Image credit: NASA/ESA/A. Evans (University of Virginia)/Processing: Gladys Kober (NASA/Catholic University of America))

The image shows a bright core and brownish filaments of dark dust, but the galaxy’s almost perfectly round disk is its most notable feature. That’s because Hubble, which has been in orbit around Earth since 1990, just happens to have a direct face-on view of ESO 420-G013.

Hubble Captures Baseball-Like Spiral Galaxy ESO 420-G013 - TechEBlog

Besides being a fine example of a spiral galaxy, ESO 420-G013 is a Seyfert galaxy. Named after American astronomer Carl Keenan Seyfert, who researched the objects in 1943, a Seyfert galaxy has an extremely bright, point-like active galactic nucleus powered by a supermassive black hole, according to a NASA statement. Deep within ESO 420-G013, its hungry black hole is pulling in surrounding material and sending out powerful radiation. It’s also forming new stars at a high rate.

Hubble Space Telescope captures luminous blue compact galaxy ESO 185-IG013 | Science News - News9live

A zoomed-in view of the face-on spiral galaxy  ESO 420-G013 (Image credit: NASA/ESA/A. Evans (University of Virginia)/Processing: Gladys Kober (NASA/Catholic University of America))

Seyfert galaxies like this one are visible in the infrared — wavelengths of light beyond those visible to humans in the electromagnetic spectrum — which Hubble can detect thanks to its Wide Field Camera 3, which is sensitive to ultraviolet, visible and infrared light.


What’s special about ESO 420-G013 is its visibility. Most galaxies with active galactic nuclei host black holes so bright that their radiation entirely obscures the light of the host galaxy. However, Seyfert galaxies such as ESO 420-G013 are distinct, because the surrounding galaxy structure can be clearly detected.

ESO 420-G013 was captured by Hubble as part of research on luminous infrared galaxies, which are known for their intense brightness in the infrared spectrum.


Related Posts

New ‘Super-Earth’ Exoplanet Hints at a Spectacular ‘Water World’, Expanding Horizons in Celestial Habitability

While the planet may be nearly double the size of eагtһ, іпіtіаɩ oЬѕeгⱱаtіoпѕ and calculations indicate the planet is five times denser — which could be consistent…

ASKAP’s Stunning Find: Unveiling Rare and Beautiful Polar Ring Galaxies, A Spectacular Discovery in the Cosmic Realm

Astronomers have revealed the discovery of two potential polar ring galaxies, NGC 4632 and NGC 6156. In a study published yesterday in the Monthly Notices of the…

Orion Nebula Unveils Peril: James Webb Telescope Discovers Stellar Winds Eroding Planet-Forming Material, Threatening Young Star’s Future

A group of extremely bright stars may be slowly reshaping the Orion Nebula and stopping one of their neighbors from forming planets, new James Webb Space Telescope…

Stunning Image Captures Icy Exoplanets Colliding, Unleashing Enormous Dust Cloud 1,800 Light-Years Away

This incredible image depicts the moment two icy exoplanets careered into each other 1,800 light-years away in a cosmic crash that was only spotted by chance. The…

Galactic Marvel: Unveiling the Colossal 16.3 Million Light-Year Giant, Largest Galaxy Ever Found, Perplexing Astronomical Community

Scientists have found the biggest galaxy ever! Situated about 3 billion light -years away, “Alcyoneus” is a giant radio galaxy that spreads over 16.3 million light-years (5…

NASA’s Eerie Discovery: ‘Skull-Shaped’ Star Cluster Unveiled in the Enigmatic Beauty of the Rosette Nebula

This star-studded picture initially seems like a skull, but it’s actually a portion of the Rosette Nebula. The darker region of Rosette is a nursery for newly…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *